ATOMIC ENERGY AND FISSION
Allah splits the seed and kernel. He brings forth
the living from the dead, and produces the dead out of the living.
That is Allah, so how are you misguided? (Qur'an, 6:95)
The terms "seed" (al-habb) and "kernel" (an-nawa)
in the above verse may indicate the splitting of the atom. Indeed,
the dictionary meanings of an-nawa include "nucleus, centre,
atomic nucleus." Furthermore, the description of bringing forth
the living from the dead can be interpreted as Allah creating matter
from dead energy. Producing the dead out of the living may refer
to energy (dead) emerging from matter (living), since the atom is
in motion. (Allah knows best.) That is because as well as "living,"
al-hayy can also mean "active, energetic." With its meaning
of "non-living," al-mayyit, translated above as "dead,"
may very probably refer to energy.
Scientists define energy as the capacity for
doing work. Matter, the material that comprises all things on Earth
and in the universe, consists of atoms and molecules that can be
seen to be in motion under an electron microscope. In the early
twentieth century, Albert Einstein (d. 1955) theorised that matter
could be converted into energy, suggesting that the two were inter-related
at the atomic level.199
This may be the bringing forth of the dead from the living, as described
above, or, in other words, obtaining energy from matter, which is
in motion at the atomic level. In addition, yukhriju, translated
as "bringing forth," also means "bringing out, emitting" (as in
the case of electrical waves). Therefore, the terms in this verse
may be indicating the form of energy obtained from the atom. (Allah
Today, atomic nucleus can be split into smaller nuclei by means
of nuclear fission.
Scientists can now split the atom by dividing its nucleus. Taking
Einstein's theories as their starting point, they obtained energy
from matter in the 1940s by means of nuclear fission, the process
of splitting the atomic nucleus. The verb faliqu in Surat
al-An`am 95, translated as "to split," may be a reference to fission's
dictionary meaning: the process of splitting (the atom's nucleus).
When this process takes place, enormous amounts of energy are released.
The words in Surat al-An`am 95 are very wise in terms of their
meanings. The phenomena described in this verse bear a very close
resemblance to the splitting of the atom's nucleus in order to obtain
atomic energy. The verse may therefore be a reference to nuclear
fission, which was only made possible by twentieth-century technology.
(Allah knows best.)
and Matter,” Fundamentals of Physical Geography, www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/6a.html.