THE CREATION OF WHAT LIES BETWEEN THE HEAVENS
AND THE EARTH
The Qur'an contains a great many verses concerning the creation
of the earth, the heavens and what lies between:
We did not create the heavens and earth and
everything between them, except with truth. The Hour is certainly
coming, so turn away graciously. (Qur'an, 15:85)
Everything in the heavens and everything
on the earth and everything in between them and everything
under the ground belongs to Him. (Qur'an, 20:6)
We did not create heaven and earth and everything
in between them as a game. (Qur'an, 21:16)
state that first of all, a mass of hot gas increased in density.
This mass later divided into smaller parts to form galactic matter
and later still, the stars and planets. To put it another way, the
Earth along with stars around it, are all parts which separated
from a united body of gas. Some of these parts brought the suns
and planets into being, thus leading to the emergence of the many
Solar Systems and galaxies. As we have set out in earlier sections
of this book, the universe was first in a state of "ratq"
(fusion: combined together, united) and then became "fataqa"
(divided into parts). The emergence of the universe is described
with the most suitable words in the Qur'an, in such a way as to
confirm the scientific accounts. 6
On the occasion of every division, a few particles
remained outside the new, fundamental bodies forming in space. The
scientific name for these extra particles is "interstellar galactic
material." Interstellar matter consists of 60% of hydrogen, 38%
of helium and 2% of all other elements. 99% of the interstellar
matter consists of interstellar gas and 1% of interstellar dust,
which probably consists of heavy elements in small particles of
0,0001 to 0.001 mm in diameter. Scientists regard these substances
as very important from the point of view of astrophysical measurements.
These substances are so fine as to be capable of being regarded
as dust, smoke or gas. However, when one considers these substances
as a whole, they represent a larger mass than the total of all the
galaxies in space. Although the existence of this interstellar galactic
matter was only discovered in 1920, attention was drawn to the existence
of these particles, described as "ma baynahuma"-translated
as "everything between them"-hundreds of years ago in the Qur'an.7
6. Kazi, 130 Evident
Miracles in the Qur'an, 53.
7. Digitale Ausgabe LexiRom (Digital Expenditure
LexiRom), Meyers Lexikon in drei Bänden (Meyers Encyclopedia
in three volumes) (Mannheim: Bibliographisches Institut & F.A.
Brockhaus AG: 1995).