CREATION IN SIX DAYS
Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and
the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne...
One example of the harmony between the Qur'an and modern science
is the subject of the age of the universe. Cosmologists estimate
the age of the universe as 16-17 billion years. The Qur'an states
that the entire universe was created in six days. These two time
frames, which may seem contradictory, are actually surprisingly
compatible. In fact, both these figures concerning the age of the
universe are correct. In other words, the universe was created in
six days, as revealed in the Qur'an, and this period corresponds
to 16-17 billion years in the way that we experience time.
In 1915 Einstein proposed that time was relative, that the passage
of time altered according to space, the speed of the person travelling
and the force of gravity at that moment. Bearing in mind these differences
in the passage of time, the period of time in which the universe
was created as revealed in seven different verses of the Qur'an
is actually highly compatible with scientists' estimations. The
six-day period revealed in the Qur'an can be thought of as six periods.
Because, taking into account the relativity of time, a "day" refers
only to a 24-hour period experienced on Earth under current conditions.
Elsewhere in the universe, however, at another time and under other
conditions, a "day" could refer to a much longer period of time.
Indeed, the word "ayyamin" in the period of six days (sittati
ayyamin) in these verses (Qur'an 32:4, 10:3, 11:7, 25:59, 57:4,
50:38, and 7:54) means not only "days," but also "age, period, moment,
In the first period of the universe, the passage of time took place
much faster than that with which we are familiar today. The reason
for this is that, at the moment of the Big Bang, our universe was
compressed into a very small point. The expansion of the universe
and increase in its volume ever since the moment of that explosion
has extended the borders of the universe to millions of light years.
Indeed, the stretching of space ever since that moment has had very
important ramifications for universal time.
The energy at the moment of the Big Bang slowed down the flow of
time 1012 (one million million) times. When the universe was created
the speed of universal time was higher up to a million million times,
as time is experienced today. In other words, a million
million minutes on Earth is the equivalent of just one minute in
When a six-day period of time is calculated according to the relativity
of time, it equates to six million million (six trillion) days.
That is because universal time flows a million million times faster
than time on Earth. Calculated in terms of years, 6 trillion days
equates to approximately 16.427 billion years. This is within the
estimated range for the age of the universe.
6,000,000,000,000 days/365.25 = 16.427104723 billion years
Allah, there is no god but Him, the Living,
the Self-Sustaining. He is not subject to drowsiness or sleep.
Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. Who
can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows
what is before them and what is behind them but they cannot
grasp any of His knowledge save what He wills. His Footstool
encompasses the heavens and the earth and their preservation
does not tire Him. He is the Most High, the Magnificent.
On the other hand, each of the six days of creation equates to
very different periods, as we perceive time. The reason for this
is that the speed of the passage of time declines in proportion
to the expansion of the universe. Ever since the Big Bang, as the
size of the universe doubled, so the passage of time halved. As
the universe grew, the speed at which the universe doubled increasingly
slowed down. This rate of expansion is a scientific fact acknowledged
the world over and described in the text book The Fundamentals
of Physical Cosmology. When we calculate every day of creation
in terms of Earth time, the following situation emerges:
- Looked at from the moment when time began, the first day of
creation (first phase) lasted 24 hours. This period, however,
is the equivalent of 8 billion years in Earth terms.
- The second day of creation (second phase) lasted 24 hours. This,
however, lasted half as long, in our terms, as the preceding day,
in other words 4 billion years.
- The third day (third phase) lasted half as long as the second
day, in other words 2 billion years.
- The fourth day (fourth phase) lasted 1 billion years.
- The fifth day (fifth phase) lasted 500 million years.
- And the sixth day (sixth phase) lasted 250 million years.
- Conclusion: When the six days of creation, in other
words the six phases, are added together in Earth terms, the resulting
figure is 15 billion 750 million years. This figure displays an
enormous parallel with modern-day estimations.
This conclusion is one of the facts revealed by 21st century science.
Science has once again confirmed a fact revealed in the Qur'an 1,400
years ago. This harmony between the Qur'an and science is one of
the miraculous proofs that the Qur'an is the revelation of Allah,
the Creator, the Omniscient.