THE SKY MADE A DOME
It is He Who made the earth a couch for you,
and the sky a dome. He sends down water from the sky and by it
brings forth fruits for your provision. Do not, then, knowingly
make others equal to Allah. (Qur'an, 2:22)
|The Geminid meteor shower
is observed at its highest intensity in the second week of December
each year. The short lines in the photograph to the side are
traces belonging to stars; the long ones belong to meteors.
The meteors in the shower seen in the picture fall at a density
of up to 58 per hour.
Here, the Arabic word for the sky is "assamaa
binaan." As well as the meaning of "dome" or "ceiling," this
also describes a kind of tent-like covering used by the Bedouin.22
What is being emphasised here, through mention of a tent-like structure,
is a form of protection against external elements.
if we are generally unaware of it, a large number of meteors fall
to the Earth, as they do the other planets. The reason why these
make enormous craters on other planets but do no harm on Earth is
that the atmosphere puts up considerable resistance to a falling
meteor. The meteor is unable to withstand this for long and loses
much of its mass from combustion due to friction. This danger, which
might otherwise cause terrible disasters, is thus prevented thanks
to the atmosphere. As well as the verses regarding the protective
properties of the atmosphere cited above, attention is also drawn
to the special creation in the following verse:
Do you not see that Allah has made everything
on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the
sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it
from falling to the earth-except by His permission. Allah
is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. (Qur'an, 22:65)
The protective property of the atmosphere we discussed in the preceding
section protects the Earth from space-in other words, from external
elements. With the word "dome," referring to the sky in the above
verse, attention is drawn to this aspect of the sky, which could
not possibly have been known at the time of our Prophet (saas).
The fact that this information was imparted 1,400 years ago in the
Qur'an, when there were no spacecraft or giant telescopes, shows
that the Qur'an is the revelation of our Lord, the Omniscient.
“The Quran and Modern Physics,” http://webhome.idirect.com/~alila/Writings/Physics.htm