THE PROGRAMMING IN GENES
From what thing did He create him? From a
drop of sperm He created him and proportioned him. Then He
eases the way for him. (Qur'an, 80:18-20)
word "qaddarahu," translated as "proportioned"
in the above verse, comes from the Arabic verb "qadare." It translates
as "arranging, setting out, planning, programming, seeing the future,
the writing of everything in destiny (by Allah)."
When the father's sperm cell fertilises the mother's egg, the parents'
genes combine to determine all of the baby's physical characteristics.
Each one of these thousands of genes has a specific function. It
is the genes which determine the colour of the eyes and hair, height,
facial features, skeletal shape and the countless details in the
internal organs, brain, nerves and muscles. In addition to all the
physical characteristics, thousands of different processes taking
place in the cells and body-and indeed the control of the whole
system-are recorded in the genes. For example, whether a person's
blood pressure is generally high, low or normal depends on the information
in his or her genes.
The first cell which forms when the sperm and the egg are joined
also forms the first copy of the DNA molecule which will carry the
code in every cell of the person's body, right up until death. DNA
is a molecule of considerable size. It is carefully protected within
the nucleus of the cell and this molecule is an information bank
of the human body as it contains the genes we mentioned above. The
first cell, the fertilised egg, then divides and multiplies in the
light of the program recorded in the DNA. The tissues and organs
begin to form: This is the beginning of a human being. The coordination
of this complex structuring is brought about by the DNA molecule.
This is a molecule consisting of atoms such as carbon, phosphorus,
nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen.
The information capacity recorded in DNA is of a size which astonishes
scientists. There is enough information in a single human DNA molecule
to fill a million encyclopaedia pages or 1,000 volumes. To put it
another way, the nucleus of a cell contains information, equivalent
to that in a 1 million-page encyclopaedia. It serves to control
all the functions of the human body. To make a comparison, the 23-volume
Encyclopaedia Britannica, one of the largest encyclopaedias
in the world, contains a total of 25,000 pages. Yet a single molecule
in the nucleus of a cell, and which is so much smaller than that
cell, contains a store of information 40 times larger than the world's
largest encyclopaedias. That means that what we have here is a 1,000-volume
encyclopaedia, the like of which exists nowhere else on Earth. This
is a miracle of design and creation within our very own bodies,
for which evolutionists and materialists have no answer.
Bearing in mind that the structure of DNA was unravelled by Francis
Crick in 1953, it is truly amazing that the Qur'an pointed to the
concept of "genetic planning" in an age when, as we have mentioned
previously, mankind's knowledge was very limited. Geneticists were
unable to discuss until the end of the 19th century and these remarkable
facts act again as proofs that the Qur'an is the Word of Allah.