THE EXISTENCE OF ANIMAL SOCIETIES
There is no creature crawling on the earth
or flying creature, flying on its wings, who are not communities
just like yourselves� (Qur'an, 6:38)
a result of modern-day animal and bird ecology study, we know that
all animals and birds live in the form of separate societies. Lengthy
and wide-ranging studies have shown that there is a rather systematic
social order among animals.
Honey bees, for example, whose social life amazes scientists, build
their nests in colonies in tree hollows or other covered areas.
A bee colony consists of a queen, a few hundred males and 10-80,000
workers. As we have already mentioned, there is only one queen in
every colony and her fundamental task is that of laying eggs. In
addition, she secretes important substances which maintain the unity
of the colony and allow the system within the hive to function.
The males' only function is to fertilise the queen. All other functions-such
as building honey combs in the hive, gathering food, creating royal
jelly, regulating the temperature of the hive, cleanliness and defence-are
carried out by the workers. There is order in every phase of life
in the hive. All duties, from caring for the larvae to provision
of the general needs of the hive, are performed without fail.
Despite having the greatest numbers in the world, ants also exhibit
an order which can serve as an example to human beings in many areas:
technology, collective labour, military strategy, an advanced communications
network, a hierarchical order, discipline and flawless town planning.
Ants live in societies known as colonies and in such order amongst
themselves that one could even say that they have a civilisation
similar to that of human beings.
ants produce and store their food, they also watch over their young,
defend the colony and wage war against their enemies. There are
even colonies which engage in "sewing," "agriculture" and "animal
rearing." These animals have a very powerful communications network
amongst themselves. Their social organisation and expertise are
far superior to any other living thing. (See Harun Yahya, The
Miracle in the Ant, Goodword Books, 2001)
Communal animals with ordered lives
also operate together in the face of danger. For instance, when
birds of prey such as hawks or owls enter the area, smaller birds
surround these birds en masse. They then produce a special sound
to draw other birds to the area. The aggressive behaviour displayed
by small birds en masse generally drives birds of prey away.143
A flock of birds flying
together protects all its members in the same way. For instance,
a flock of starlings flying together leave a wide distance between
one another. When they see a hawk, however, they close the distance
between them. They thus make it harder for the hawk to dive in amidst
the flock. Even if the hawk does so, it will be acting to its own
detriment. Its wings will be damaged and it will be unable to hunt.144
Mammals also act in consort when there is an attack on the group.
For example, zebras take their young into the middle of the herd
when they flee from enemies. Dolphins also swim in groups and fight
off their greatest enemy, sharks, as a group.145
There are countless examples of and a great many details concerning
the social lives of animals. These facts acquired about animals
are the result of long years of research. As we have seen, the information
about animals given in the Qur'an-as in all areas-shows that the
book of Islam is indeed the Word of Allah.
143. Edward O. Wilson,
Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (England: The Belknap Press of Harvard
University Press: 1975), 123.
144. Russell Freedman, How Animals Defend Their Young (USA: Penguin
USA: 1978), 69.
145. Ibid., 66-67.